By Claire Jencks
Whether you’re a mountaineer looking to bag the next peak or a backcountry snowboarder seeking a fresh line, you have ambitions to experience winter camping this year. But when it comes to choosing the right tent for your snow-laden adventure, where do you begin? Long nights and cold temperatures raise the stakes for picking the right tent for your specific needs. Luckily, we’ve created a guide to help you choose the perfect one.
Step 1: Choose Your Environment
The primary difference between a three-season and a four-season tent is the type of environment you plan to use it in. Whereas a three-season tent is designed for lightweight performance and breathability in temperate conditions, a four-season tent is designed to withstand intense winter winds and heavy snow loads.
Three-Season Tent – Three-season tents (commonly called backpacking tents) are great for most non-winter adventures such as fall backpacking, spring treks, or summer campouts. The MSR Elixir, Zoic, Hubba, and FreeLite series fall into this category. Equipped with mesh panels for ventilation and a double-wall construction that includes the tent body and a rainfly, they’re designed to offer protection from bugs, wind, and rain while still remaining lightweight and breathable.
Four-Season Tent – Built to balance warmth, strength, and weight, these all-season tents are your choice for camping in a snowy environment. A more robust frame structure helps these tents withstand snow build-up without collapsing, while a reduced mesh area can trade a bit of extra weight for a warmer interior.
Step 2: Choose Your Activity and Terrain
Within the four-season category, there are three types of tents to look at based on your intended activity and selected terrain.
Four-Season Mountaineering – If you’re looking to summit a serious mountain like Denali or Mt. Rainier, choose an all-season mountaineering tent such as the Remote Series. With generous vestibule storage space for bulky winter gear and a robust double wall design for harsh winter conditions, these tents are built specifically for exposed, above-treeline mountaineering pursuits. A large footprint also means plenty of space for sitting out harsh winter storms, while a sturdy snow-flap helps guard the vestibule against blowing snow.
Alpine Bivy – If you’re an alpinist or a serious winter adventurer seeking ultralight construction and a smaller footprint for easier pitching on high-altitude ledges, look to the Advance Pro. Proven in extreme environments like the Himalayas, its durable single-wall design sheds weight for those who want a lighter pack as well as reliable protection in technical terrain. It utilizes nearly indestructible composite poles and can be set up fast even in a precarious position so you can escape incoming weather quickly.
Four-season Ski Touring / Snowshoeing – If you’re a backcountry traveler looking to camp on snow below treeline with some protection from the wind, look to the MSR Access Series. These tents are designed to offer the best of both worlds, with easy setup and double wall winter-grade warmth that’s light in your pack while skiing and climbing. This series features a lighter overall weight than the mountaineering types by forgoing the hoop vestibule and snow-flap of the mountaineering tents and utilizing strategic mesh placement for increased airflow and moisture control. It’s worth noting that if you’re planning a trip longer than a week and might be in the tent for extended periods while waiting out a storm, you may want to consider a tent with a larger footprint and vestibule such as the mountaineering specific Remote Series.
Step 3: Choose your Performance Features
Winter tents are designed with a variety of different features to maximize warmth, weight-savings, and durability.
A major feature of four-season tents is the sturdy geometry and durable pole construction. MSR utilizes Easton® Syclone™ poles, which use light, cutting-edge composite materials to resist breaking even in fierce winds.
When choosing your tent features, it’s beneficial to consider the number of doors you’ll need based on the number of occupants to maximize sleeping space and ease of entry and exit.
Balancing winter warmth with lightweight packability is an important consideration. All MSR four-season tents offer strategic mesh and built-in ventilation; ski-touring-specific tents like the Access series trend towards increased breathability and a light weight, while mountaineering tents offer greater warmth for high-altitude nights.
Important for bulky mountaineering gear storage, but adding additional weight overall, vestibules are a key feature to consider. On mountaineering specific tents such as the Remote Series, a snow-flap helps guard the vestibule against blowing snow.
First, choose either a three-season or a four-season tent based on the environment you plan on being in this winter. If you’re looking to camp on snow or in lower temperature areas such as the high-desert, choose a four-season tent. Next, narrow down the tent model based on your chosen activity and terrain. For mountaineering pursuits, or for camping above treeline with exposure to harsh winter conditions, look to the Remote Series. For below-treeline backcountry pursuits like ski-touring, look to the Access Series.
High-Alpine Minimalists: Advance Pro.
Ski-Touring or snowshoeing on backcountry trips shorter than a week: Access Series.
Mountaineering pursuits above treeline with constant wind exposure: Remote Series.
As a freelance writer and designer, Claire Montana Jencks works with outdoor brands, non-profits, and publications to share stories of outdoor adventure. Though she works all over the world, her roots are in the PNW. Surfing, mountain biking, and skiing are her passions.